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初中初一七年级英语下册复习教学知识点归纳总结,期末测试试题习题大全

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Unit 4  I want to be an actor.

一.短语

1 want to do sth 想要作某事

2 give sb sth = give sth to sb 给某人某物 / 把某物给某人

3 help sb do sth 帮助某人作某事  Eg: I want to help my mother do some housework at home.

4 help sb with sth 帮助某人谋事   Eg: I want to help my mother with some housework at home

5 in the day 在白天

6 at night 在晚上

7 talk with/ to sb 和----谈话

8 be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 Eg: He is busy listening to the teacher.

9 in a hospital 在医院l

10 work/ study hard 努力工作

11 Evening Newspaper 晚报

二.重点句式及注意事项:

1 询问职业的特殊疑问词是what; 有三种主要句式

① What + is / are + sb?

② What + does/ do + sb + do?

③ What + is/ are + 名词所有格/ 形容词性物主代词 + job?

2 People give me their money or get their money from me.

3 Sometimes I work in the day and sometimes at night.

4 I like talking to people.

5 I work late. I’m very busy when people go out to dinners.

6 Where does your sister work?

7 then we have a job for you as a waiter.

8 Do you want to work for a magazine? Then come and work for us as a reporter.

9 Do you like to work evenings and weekends?

10 We are an international school for children of 5-12.

三. 本单元中的名词复数

1 policeman--- policemen   2 woman doctor----- women doctors    3 thief-----thieves

 

 

Unit 5 I’m watching TV

一.现在进行时

Ⅰ现在进行时的用法

表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作

现在进行时时间状语及标志性词

①     now  现在

②     at this time  在这时

③     at the moment 现在

④     look  看(后面有明显的“”)

⑤     listen 听(后面有明显的“”)

现在分词的构成

①     一般在动词结尾处加ing    Eg: go—going  look--looking

② 以不发音字母e结尾的动词,去e加ing。Eg: write—writing  close--closing

③ 以重读闭音节结尾的动词,如果末尾只有一个辅音字母,应先双写这个字母,再加ing.

Eg: get—getting   run—running  ( swim, run, put,get,sit,begin)

现在进行时的构成

肯定句: 主语+ am/is/are+ doing +其他+时状.  Eg: He is doing his homework now.

否定句:主语+am/is/are +not+ doing+其他+时状. Eg: He is not doing his homework now.

一般疑问句: Am/Is/Are +主语+ doing+其他+时状?Eg: Is he doing his homework now?

肯定回答:Yes,主语 +am/is/are                  Eg Yes, he is.

否定回答:No, 主语+am not/isn’t/aren’t           Eg: No, he isn’t.

二.短语

1.do one’s homework  做某人的作业

do housework       做家务

2.talk on the phone    在电话里交谈,讲电话

talk about……    谈论……

talk to(with)sb      和某人交谈

3.write a letter        写信

write a letter to sb   给某人写信

4.play with……      和……一起玩

5.watch TV      看电视

TV show          电视节目

6.wait for sb/sth      等待某人/某物

7.some of……       ……中的一些

8.in the first photo     在第一张照片里(介词用in,序数词前面有the)

in the last photo     在最后一张照片里

a photo of one’s family  某人的家庭照片

9.at the mall         在购物街

at/in the library     在图书室

at/in the pool       在游泳池

10.read a book = read books = do some reading看书\阅读

11.thanks for = thank you for   为某事而感谢(后接动词要用v-ing)

三. 重点句式及注意事项:

1.              他正在干什么?         What is he doing?

他正在吃饭。           He is eating dinner.

他正在哪里吃饭?       Where is he eating dinner?

他正在家里吃饭。       He is eating dinner at home.

2.              你想什么时候去?       When do you want to go?

让我们六点钟去吧。      Let’s go at six o’clock.

3.              他正在等什么?          What is he waiting for?

他正在等公交车。         He is waiting for a bus.

4.              他们正在和谁说话?       Who are they talking with?

他们正在和Miss Wu说话。 They are talking with Miss Wu.

5.              你们正在谈论什么?       What are you talking about?

我们正在谈论天气。       We are talking about the weather.

6.              他们都正在去上学。       They are all going to school.

7.  这儿是一些我的照片。    Here are some of my photos.

这儿是一些肉。          Here is some of meat. (some of meat不可数,故用is)

8.  谢谢你帮我买这本书。 Thank you for helping me buy this book.

9.  family 家;家庭。强调“整体”,是单数;强调“成员”时,是复数。

His family has a shower. 他们家有一个淋浴。

His family are watching TV. 他全家在看电视。

 

 

Unit 6 It’s raining!

一.短语

1 take photos/ pictures 照像

2 take photos/ pictures of sb/ sth 给某人或某物照相

3 have a good time\have funhave a great tame  玩得愉快

4 work for sb / sth 为某人工作

Eg: Yuan Yuan works for CCTV’s Around The World show

5 on vacation 度假

Eg: There are many people here on vacation.

6 some----others--- 一些.....另外一些..... one……the others…….一个....另一个....(两者之间)

Eg: There are many students in the classroom. Some are writing, others are reading.

7 put on 穿上(动作)  wear  穿着(状态)

Eg: Tom is putting on his coat now.

8 on the beach 在沙滩上

Eg: Tom and his family are playing on the beach at this moment.

9  this group of people 这一群人

10. in this heat

二.重点句型

1.How is the weather? 天气怎么样?    In the raining. 在下雨。
2.What are you doing? 你正在做什么?   I'm watching TV. 我在看电视。
3.What are they doing? 他们在做什么?   They are studying. 他们在学习。
4.What is he doing? 他在做什么?     He is playing basketball 他在打篮球。
5.What is she doing 她在做什么?     She is cooking 她在做饭。
三.重难点解析

1 询问天气情况的句式:(横线内容可替换)

① How is the weather in Beijing? (How is the weather today?)

② What’s the weather like in Beijing? ( What’s the weather like today?)

2 回答上面问题的句式:

①It’s + adj. (形容词)   Eg: It’s windy.

3 How’s it going (with you)?

① Not bad.

② Great!

③ Terrible!

④ Pretty good.

4 Thank you for joining CCTV’s Around The Word show.

5 I am surprised they can play in this heat.

6 Everyone is having a good time.

7 People are wearing hats and scarfs.

① wear 指穿衣服的状态。

② put on  指穿衣服的动作。

四.谈论天气的日常用语

1. It’s sunny/rainy/cloudy. 今天是晴天/雨天/阴天。
2. Lovely weather,isn’t it? 天气真好,是吗?
3. It looks like rain. 看起来要下雨。
4. It’s raining cats and dogs. 正是瓢泼大雨。
5. It seems to be cleaning up. 天似乎要转晴。
6. It’s blowing hard. 风刮得很大。
7. It’s snowing heavily. 正在下大雪。
8. The snow won’t last long. 雪不会持续太久。
9. It’s very foggy. 雾很大。
10. The fog is beginning to lift. 正在收雾。
11. It’s thundering and lightening. 雷电交加。
12. What’s the weather like today? 今天天气怎么样?
13. What’s the weather report for tomorrow? 天气预报明天怎么样?
14. It’s quite different from the weather report. 这和天气预报相差很大。
15. It’s rather changeable. 天气变化无常。
16. What’s the temperature? 温度是多少?
17. It’s two below zero. 零下二度。
18. The temperature has dropped a lot today. 今天温度低多了。

 

 

Unit7 What does he look like?

一.短语

1 look like 看起来像....

2 curly /short/straight/long hair 卷/短/直发

3 medium height/build 中等高度/身体

4 a little bit  一点儿…

5 a pop singer 一位流行歌手

6 have a new look 呈现新面貌

7 go shopping (do some shopping) 去购物

8 the captain of the basketball team 篮球队队长

9 be popular with sb 为---所喜爱

10 stop to do sth 停下来去做某事

11 stop doing sth 停止正在做的事情

12 tell jokes/ stories 讲笑话/ 讲故事

13 have fun doing sth 愉快地做某事

14 remember ( forget) to do sth 记得(忘记)做某事(没有做的)

15 remember (forget) doing sth 记得(忘记)做过某事(已做)

16 one of --- ---中的一个

二.本单元的重点句:

1 Is that your friend? No, it isn’t.

2 What does she look like?

3 I think I know her. ( I don’t think I know her.)

4 Wang Lin is the captain of the basketball team.

5 She’s a little bit quiet.

6 Xu Qian loves to tell jokes.

7 She never stops talking.

8 She likes reading and playing chess.

9 I don’t think he’s so great.

10 I can go shopping and nobody knows me.

11 Now he has a new look.

三.重难点解析

1 What does/ do +主语 + look like? 询问某人的外貌特征,看上去什么样?

Eg: What does your friend look like?

2 形容头发时, 可按照先长短,后曲直, 最后说颜色的顺序说。

Eg: She has long curly black hair.

3 one of + 名词复数 ,谓语动词要用“单三”形式。

Eg: One of his friends is a worker.

4 不定代词做主语时, 谓语动词要用“单三”形式。修饰不定代词词,应该放在它的后面.

Eg: I can go shopping and nobody knows me.

5.He is …(通常为形容词,包括身高、体形等)

He has…(通常为形容词修饰的名词,包括头发、五官)

He wears…(穿、戴、留。可以是衣服、帽子、鞋子等,也可以是眼镜、手表、胡须)

6.I don’t think…的用法 表达否定的看法 I don’t think she is good-looking.

 

 

Unit 8 I'd like some noodles

一.             短语

1. beef and tomato noodles\noodles with beef  and tomato 牛肉西红柿面

   chicken and cabbage noodles    mutton and potato noodles

tomato and egg noodles      beef and carrot noodles

2.would like to do sth want to do sth 想要作某事

3.what kind of noodles什么种类的面条

4.what size bowl of noodles什么大小碗型的面

5.a large\mediumsmall bowl of noodles 大\中\小碗的面

6.ice cream 冰淇淋 orange juice桔汁 green tea绿茶 RMB人民币phone number

7. House of Dumplings\noodles饺子\面馆  Dessert House甜点屋

二.重点句型

1. What kind of vegetablesmeat  drink  food would you like?   

  I’d like ……

I’d like chicken and  cabbage noodles.                             

2. What kind of noodles would you like?

I’d like beef noodles.

3. What kind of noodles would you like?

I’d like chicken and  cabbage noodles.                              

4.           What size bowl plate of noodles would you like?   

   I’d like a large   medium small  bowl moodes.

5.   What size cake  would  you  like?

I would like asmall  birthday-cake.

三.重难点解析

1. would like 想要 (表示一种委婉的语气)其用法相当于want.

would like + 名词   would like an apple (want an apple)

would like to do sth

He would like to play soccer.

----Would you like to see the dolphins?

----Yes, I’d like to.

(1)would 是情态动词,没有人称和数的变化,可与人称代词缩写为’d, 与其它情态动词一样可帮助完成疑问句和否定句。(你能举出例子吗?)

  我想要些牛肉。 I’d like some beef.

   她想去打乒乓球。She would like to play ping-pang. (你能变否定句和疑问句吗?)

(2) Would you like sth.? 是提建议的一种句型,如需用一些,用some而不用any.

肯定回答是: Yes, please./ All right./ Yes./OK.

其否定回答是:No, thanks.

2. What kind of noodles would you like?

kind 在此句中作“种类”讲,a kind of 一种,all kinds of 各种各样的。kind of 有几分

     A cat is a kind of animal.

     There are all kinds of animals in the zoo

The cat is kind of smart.

3. Can I help you?你要买什么

   肯定 Yes, please . I would  like ……     否定 No, thanks.

 

人教版初一英语句型转换专练

A.将下列句子改为否定句。(每空一词)

1.They are cleaning the classroom.    They                  cleaning the classroom.

2.I can find my watch.   I                  find my watch.

3.She is wearing a sweater today.    She                  wearing a sweater today.

4.There are some bananas on the table.    There are                  bananas o n the table.

5. There is a bottle and a glass under the chair.   There ______ a bottle _____ a glass under the chair.

6. She can speak a little Chinese now.  She _______ _______ speak a little Chinese now.

7. He has tea in the afternoon.    He ______ ________ tea in the afternoon.

8. They know me very well.   They _____ _____ me very well.

9. My sister likes meat very much.    My sister ______ _____ meat very much.

10. I think he is right.   I ______ _______ he _______ right.

11. Please put these books in the box.   _____ _____ these books in the box.

12. I want some milk.   I ______ ________ _______ milk.

13. Go to the classroom.   ______ _____ to the classroom.

14. There are some apples in the basket.   There ______ ______ apples in the basket.

15. They are watching TV now.   They _____ ______ watching TV now.

B.将下列句子改为一般疑问句。(每空一词)

1.There is a river in the picture.                    a river in the picture?

2.There are some boys in the room.                             boys in the room?

3.They are singing over there.                             over there?

4.I am in Class Two.                   in Class Two?

5. Tom and Jim stay in China now.   _____ Tom and Jim stay in China now?

6. He likes meat a lot.   _____ he ______ meat a lot?

7. Americans speak American English.  _______ Americans _______ American English?

8. The boy has many friends.  _______ the boy ______ many friends?

9. Lin Tao often does his homework at 700.   ______ Lin Tao often ______ his homework at 7:00?

10. He buys some eggs every week.         he                eggs every week?

11. Miss Gao often buys things in the shop.  ________ Miss Gao often ________ things in the shop?

12. Jim usually has breakfast at six in the morning.  ________ Jim usually ________ breakfast in the morning?

13. Han Mei is doing her homework at home.   _______ Han Mei ______ her homework at home?

14. Lily and Lucy want some apples.        Lily and Lucy want       apples?

15. They are buying a lot of things from the shop.  ______ they ______ a lot of thongs from the shop?

C.对划线部分提问。(每空一词)

1.There are forty students in our class.                  students                  in your class?

2.She is making cakes.                    she         ?

3.This is Jim's bedroom.           bedroom         this?

4. The yellow coat is hers.           coat is hers?

5. This shirt is white.                    is this shirt?

6. Tom can speak Chinese and English (对划线部分提问)   _______ language can Tom speak?

7. The twins come from the U.S.A(同上)  _____ _____ the twins come from?

8. I like these postcards very much.  _____ ______ you like these postcards?

9.I like the pictures in this book..  ______ _______you like in this book?

10. We teach them English.  ______ teach them English?

11. We go out on Sundays.  ______ _______ you go out?

12. My sister likes bread very much.   _____ ______ your sister like bread?

13. She doesn't like rice or noodles at all.  _____ _____ she like at all?

14. The boy has many friends.   ____ ______ friends _____ the boy ______?

15.There are nineteen students in my class.   ______ _____ students are there in your class?

16. They like to eat different kinds of food.  ______ ______ they ______ to eat?

17.I am learning English now.   ______ ______ you _______ now?

18.They teach me Chinese at home.  _____ ______ they you English?

19.I learn Chinese at school. _____ ______ you learn Chinese?

20.Our Chinese teacher's name is Joy Wang. ______ is your Chinese teacher’s name?

21. She likes to have rice for every meal. ______ ______ she ______ to have fro every meal?

22. I like the dining room very much because I like eating.  ______ ______ you _____ dinning room very much?

23.They like to eat different kinds of food.  ______ _____ they _____ to eat?

24.I usually go to school at this time. ______ ______ you usually ______ to school?

25.I want to finish my homework.   _____ ______ you want to ______?

26.He usually has lunch at 700.   ______ ______ does he _____ lunch?

27.They leave school at six o'clock. ______ _____ they ______ at six o’clcok?

28.Jim goes to school every day. ______ _______ Jim ________ every day?

29. Kate gets up at six in the morning on weekdays._____ ______ _______ Kate _____ up in the morning on weekdays?

30. He wants to eat some bread.   _____ _____ he ______ to eat?

31.The shop sells books and school things.               the shop        ?

32.Tom has eggs and meat for lunch.              Tom      for lunch?

33. The fish is six yuan a kilo.                      the fish?

34.Mr Read would like two kilos of fish?          _____ kilos of fish       Mrs Read       ?

35.I want to buy two kilos of meat.                                 you want               ?

36. We can buy many things in the shop.                        buy many things?

37. My sister wants three pears.(提问) ________ ________ pears does ________ sister want?

38.The man on the bike is Kates father.  ________ ________ is Kate's father?

39.The children are listening to the teacher. ______ ______ the children ______?

40. I like China very much. ____ _____ you ______ China?

1.I know the answer.(一般疑问句)  ______ ______ know the answer?
2.We can see some birds.(
一般疑问句) ______ ______ see ______ birds?
3.There is a computer in my house.(
一般疑问句)  ______ ______ a computer in house?
4.There are some flowers on the teachers’desk.(
一般疑问句)  ______ ______ ______ flowers on the teachers’desk?
5.There are some apples on the tree.(
否定式)  There ______ ______ ______ apples on the tree.
6.I think he is very old.(
否定句)  I ______ think he ______ very old.
7.Please colour it green.(
否定句)  ______ ______ colour it green.
8.We can speak good English.(
变否定句)  We ______ ______ speak good English.
9.Thank you for helping me.(
同义句)  Thank you for ______ ______ .
10.There aren’t any pears in thebox.(
同义句)  There are ______ pears in the box.
11.Whose are these clothes?(
同义句)  ______ ______ are these?
12.Let me look at your book.(
同义句)  Let me ______ ______ ______ ______ your book.
13.Her sweater is red.(
对划线部分提问)   ______ ______ is her sweater?
14.My pencils are in the pencil-box.(
对划线部分提问)  ______ ______ your pencils?
15.I get up at six every day.(
对划线部分提问)  ______ ______ do you get up every day?
16.There are fifty students in my class.(
对划线部分提问)  ______ ______ students are there in your class?
17.These are cars.(
buses改写成选择疑问句)  Are these cars______ ______ ?
18.The book is in my schoolbag.(
变否定疑问句)  ______ the book in your school-bag?
19.Two boys are in our house.(
改为there be句型)   ______ ______ two boys in our house.
20.Can’t you find the map?(
作肯定回答) ______ ,I______ .

 

Ⅰ. 教材回眸

◆ 知识要点回顾 ◆

1 . Could you … ? (你 / 你们……好吗?)句型多用来表示请求,这里的 could 比 can 语气更加委婉、客气和有礼貌,肯定回答多为:OK / All right ! / Certainly ! / Of course . 否定回答常是:Sorry , I / we can’t . (不用couldn’t )。如:

—Could you lend me your dictionary ?

—Of course .

2 . one 不仅可用作基数词表“一”之意,也能用作代词替代前面所提可数名词中的“一个”或代指“任何人”。例:

1 ) One and two is three . 一加二等于三。

2 ) I don’t have pens . Please give one to me . 我没有钢笔,请给我一支。

3 ) One must love one’s country . 任何人都必须爱国。

3 . You’re welcome . 用来回答对方的感谢时,相当于That’s OK . / that’s all right . / Not at all .。如:

—Thank you very much .

— You’re welcome .

4 . too 这个副词作“太”讲时通常修饰形容词或副词(放在其前);作“也”讲时多位于句尾(其前用逗号隔开)。例:

1)Your bag is too big . 你的包太大。

2)Your bag is big , too .你的包也大。

5 . 当名词前有定冠词、指示代词和物主代词修饰时,all 习惯上放在这些限定词之前。例:all my books(我所有的书)。

6 . the other 通常表示两者(部分)中的“另外那个(些)”,而不带定冠词的 other 多用来泛指“另一些”。试比较:

1 ) The twins are English . One is Lucy , the other is Lily . 这对双胞胎是英国人,一个叫露西,另一个叫莉莉。

2 ) I have many friends . Some are teachers , others are police men . 我有很多朋友,一些是教师,另一些是警察。

7 . socks , shoes , trousers , glasses(眼镜)等表示两部分构成的整体东西的名词习惯上用复数形式,如果指“一双(副)”,应用a pair of 短语修饰。例:

a pair of socks(一双短袜),a pair of glasses(一副眼镜)等。

A pair of shoes is under the bed .

8 . 当询问“某人(物)怎么啦?”时,句型常用 What’s wrong with … ? 这里的疑问词 what 不可受汉语的影响误用 how 。例:

—What’s wrong with your kite ? 你的风筝怎么啦?

—It’s broken .它坏了。

9 . worry 作及物动词用时其后习惯上只接人作宾语,意为“使……担心”;worry 用作不及物动词其后能接人或物作宾语,但必须用介词 about ,意为“担心……”。例:

1 ) These apples worry me . 这些苹果使我担心。

2 ) Don’t worry about my lessons . 别担心我的功课。

10 . tea , milk , bread , water , meat , rice 等物质名词均为不可数名词,此类名词无复数形式,其前不可用不定冠词、基数词、指示代词等直接修饰,若表示它们的数量,其前必须加“计量名词 + of ”短语。例:a bottle of orange(一瓶桔汁),two cups of tea(两杯茶)。

但是常可以用:two cups of tea = two teas 两杯茶

11 . It’s time … 句型后接名词或代词时要用 for(介词),后接动词必须用 to(不定式符号),这里的主语 it 不可换用另的代词,且 time 前习惯上不用冠词。例:

1 ) It’s time for class . 该上课了。

2 ) It’s time to play games . 是做游戏的时候了。

注意:It is time for sb to do 该某人干……

12 . something to eat (drink ) 意为“吃(喝)的东西”,to eat ( drink ) 为不定式作后置定语修饰不定代词 something 。例:

We have something to eat now . 现在我们有东西吃。

Ⅱ. 典题赏析

◆ 交际能力与测试指要 ◆

(1)根据所设情景选择最佳答案。如:

1 . — ______ ? — It’s eight thirty .

A . How old is your sister B . What class are you in

C . What’s the time , please D . What number is your car

2 . 当你有事想问别人,应先说声:______ .

A . Excuse me B . I’m sorry C . Hello D . OK

(2)根据对话情景,补全对话。如:

Kate : Hi , Jim . ( 1 ) ?

Jim : Fine , thank you . And you ?

Kate : I’m fine , too . ( 2 ) ?

Jim : Very well , thanks

Kate : ( 3 ) ?

Jim : Class Four .

Kate : ( 4 ) ?

Jim : Room Five .

Kate : Oh , I see .

A . Which is here classroom B . How is your sister

C . How are you today D . What class is she in

解答“情景交际”题首先要清楚所设的情景是哪一类交际项目;其次要清楚在哪种情景下该说什么话,该如何表达自己的思想;还要清楚上下文情景的关系。

具体题还要具体对待。上面题型(1)中的第2小题,直接选A就行了。而第1小题就必须先辨别A、B、C、D四个选项各是什么意思,然后看答句的表达形式,才能依据交际常识判断是C。第(2)小题的一组对话设计了四个问句,这样的题则要根据上下文的内容和交际习惯,与对话一一对应。

选完后一定要默默读上两遍,细心体会一下语感,认真检查一下有无疏漏,最后确定。如果试题有图片,要善于利用图片上的信息,帮助答题,要善于从情景中悟出“天机”。

◆ 交际英语讲练 ◆

※ 问候 ( Greetings ) 

1 . “How are you ? ”“______”

A . How do you do ? B . How are you ? 

C . I‘m fine , thank you . D . What do you do ?

※ 介绍 ( Introductions ) 

2 . — Li Ping , ______ . 

— Nice to meet you , Zhang Hong . 

A . that’s my friend , Zhang Hong B . this is Zhang Hong

C . she is Zhang Hong D . I introduce Zhang Hong to you

3 . “Nice to meet you . ”“_______”

A . Is that so ? B . I‘ve got a cough . 

C . Yes , do please . D . Nice to meet you , goo .

※ 打电话 ( Making telephone calls ) 

4 . “Hello , 5847552 . ”“Hi ! _____”

A . Are you Linda ? B . Who are you ? 

C . I am David . D . Is that Linda speaking ?

5 . — This is John speaking . Who is that ? 

— _____

A . This is Bill . B . I am Bill . 

C . You are Bill . D . Where is bill ?

6 . — Could I speak to headmaster ? 

— ______ please . 

A . Hold on for a moment B . Speak loudly

C . He is at work D . What’s wrong ?

7 . A : Hello ! Could I speak to Miss Grey , please ? 

B : ______

A . I‘m Miss Grey . B . Yes , you could . 

C . SPeaking . D . Who are you ?

答案与简析:

1 . C。“How are you ? ”是熟人之间常用的客套招呼语,答语常用 “Fine , thank you . ”或“Very well , thank you . ”表示问候的用语还有“Good morning / afternoon / evening . Hello / Hi . ”等,答语须重复原话。

2 . B。介绍某人,常用句型“This is . . . ”。自我介绍则用“My name is . . . ”或“I’m . . . ”。 3 . D。“Nice to meet you . ”一般在两人初次见面被互相介绍后使用,其答语为“Nice to meet you , too . ”。“How do you do ? ”和“Glad to meet you . ”也属于介绍用语。

4 . D。打电话时,欲问对方是谁,应说“Who is that ( speaking ) ? ”。

5 . A。打电话时,欲说“我是……”,应说“This is . . . ”。

6 . A。接电话时,若想请对方别挂断或稍等,应说“Hold on ( for a moment ) , please . ”。

7 . C。接电话时,若你正是对方要找的人,可说“请讲” ( Speaking . ) ;若对方要找的人不在,可说“He / She isn‘t here right now . Can I take a message for you ? ”。

Ⅲ. 语法透视

◆ 不可数名词用法举要 ◆

不可以用数目来计算的名词称为不可数名词。学习不可数名词时,应注意以下几点:

▲不可数名词没有复数形式。如:some meat , some bread , 不可说 some meats , some breads 。

▲不可数名词不能不定冠词 a , an 及数词修饰,但可用 some , any , much (许多),a lot of (许多),a little(一点)等直接修饰。如:我们不可以说a tea , two milk , 但可以说 some tea , much meat 。

▲不可数名词前通常用量词来表示具体的数。如:a glass of water , two cups of tea , five pieces of bread 。需要注意的是:类似短语中的介词 of 不能省去,当数词大于“一”时,量词需要用复数形式。

▲不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。例如:

These is some water in the bottle . 瓶里有些水。

Is there any rice in the bag ? 袋子里有米吗?

▲若不可数名词前有复数数量词修饰时,谓语动词用复数形式。例如:

There are three bottles of orange on the table . 桌上有三瓶桔汁。

试比较:There is some orange on the table .

▲对不可数名词前的修饰语提问,疑问词用 how much 。例如:

They want two cups of tea .

→How much tea do they want ?

There is some milk in the glass .

→How much milk is there is the glass ?

▲对不可数名词前量词部分的修饰语提问题,疑问词用 how many 。例如:

They want two cups of tea . →How many cups of tea do they want ?

▲不可数名词表示特指时可用定冠词 the 修饰。例如:

The bread on the table is Li Lei’s . 桌上的面包是李磊的。

▲有些名词即可作可数名词,也可作不可数名词,但意思却大不相同。如:glass 作可数名词,意思是“玻璃杯”,作为不可数名词,意思是“玻璃”;room 作可数名词,意思是“房间”,作不可数名词,意思是“空间”。

I have many friends bread meat milk fish (面包)(肉)(牛奶)(鱼)

Ⅳ. 难词解码

◆ some 与 any之区别 ◆

some 和 any 都有“一些”的意思,都可作形容词、代词,可修饰或代替可数名词的复数形式或不可数名词,但两者用法不同。

一、some 一般用于肯定句中。例如:

I can see some flowers . 我能直到一些花。

There is some milk in the glass . 杯子里有一些牛奶。

二、any 一般用于否定句和疑问句中。例如:

— Can you see any bread on the table ? 你看到桌子上有面包吗?

—Yes , I can see some . 是的, 我看到一些。

—Can you see any girls in the picture ? 你能看到图画上的女孩吗?

—No , I can’t see any . 不, 我一个也看不到。

三、some 可用于表示请求、邀请、希望得到肯定答复的一般疑问句中。例如:

— Can you give me some bread ? 你能给我一些面包吗?

— Certainly . Here you are . 当然可以,给你。

Would you like some bread ? 你想要些面包吗?

同学们,请看,Polly 给我们编出了一句顺口溜:

some 用于肯定句,疑问句、否定用 any ,请求、邀请与期待,仍用 some 代 any 。

◆ do you like 与 would you like ◆

Do you like … ? 意为“你喜欢……吗?”“你爱……吗?”等,是提问者问对方习惯上喜爱什么,并不指目前一时爱好。其后常跟或 doing 结构作宾语。例:

Do you like meat ? 你喜欢吃肉吗?

Do you like playing basketball ? 你喜欢打篮球吗?

其肯定回答为 Yes , I do . ; 否定回答为 No . I don’t . 。

Would you like … ? 意为 “你想要……吗?”“你愿意……吗?”,指说话人委婉地向对方提出请求或建议,是指目前的情况,其后常跟名词或 to do 结构作宾语。例:

Would you like some apples ? 你卢吃一些苹果吗?

Would you like to have a cup of tea ?你想喝杯茶吗?

其肯定回答是 Yes , please . 或 Yes , I’d like / love to . ; 否定回答是 No , thanks . / thank you . 或 Yes , I’d like to , but … 等。例:

A : Would you like a bottle of orange ?

B : Yes , please . / No , thanks .

would like 还可缩写为 ’d like 。例:

I’d like to have a cup of tea .

Ⅴ. 幽默趣赏

◆ Tom’s Answer ◆

Tom : Dad , black hens are more clever than white hens , aren‘t they ?

Dad : How do you know it , Tom ?

Tom : Well , black hens can lay white eggs , but white hens can’t lay black eggs .

汤姆的回答

汤姆:爸爸,黑母鸡比白母鸡聪明,不是吗 ?

爸爸:你是怎么知道的,汤姆 ?

汤姆:喏,黑母鸡能下白色的蛋,而白母鸡不能下黑色的蛋。

◆ The Red Ink ◆

Bob : Mum , I‘m making a picture of my father . Where is the red ink ?

Mum : What do you want to do with the red ink ?

Bob : I’ll colour his nose red .

红墨水

鲍勃:妈妈,我正在画一张爸爸的像,红墨水在哪里 ?

妈妈:你用红墨水干什么 ?

鲍勃:我要把他的鼻子着成红色。

◆ A dishonest cat ◆

一只不诚实的猫

1 . There lives a cat in the country . It likes telling lies , so that it glosses over its mistakes .

在乡下,有一只猫,它喜欢说谎,以便掩盖自己的过失。

2 . When it catches a rat , the rat gets away . It says , “ You are too thin . I won’t catch you until you become fat . ”

它捉老鼠时,老鼠逃跑了。它说:“你太瘦了,等你肥了我再捉你。”

3 . It climbs up a tree to catch birds , the birds flies away , and it falls off the tree . It says 

 

 

初级中学七年级(下)英语考试卷(满分:100分)

. 选择填空ABCD,选出一个最佳答案完成句子。(15%)

1. A         works in a restaurant.

A. reporter    B. waiter     C. teacher     D. doctor

2. Is there ______ fruit shop near here?

    Yes, there’s one near here.

A. a          B. the       C. an         D. /

3. Rick usually ______ up at 5:30 on weekdays.

A. get        B. gets     C. got        D. getting.

4. My house is ______ the post office and the bank..

A. on        B. in        C. between    D. over

5. --___________?    -- Because they are very cute.

A. What is it ?                   B .Where are they from?

C. Why do you like pandas?       D. How do you like pandas?

6. Do you want to ______English with me?
   A. ask       B. speak    C. talk        D. say

7. --Is there a bank over there?  -- ___________.
A. Yes, there’s   B. No, there aren’t   C. Yes, there is   D .No, it isn’t

8. –How is the weather in Harbin?    --It’s _________.

   A. snow      B. snowing    C. snows      D. to snow

9. Look! Burton is _________ photos of the Eiffel Tower.

   A. having     B. making     C. watching   D. taking

10. --_________are the children doing now?   --They’re playing football on the playground.

   A. What      B. Where      C. When     D. How

11. –Where is Tokyo?   --I know it’s in _______.

   A. France     B. Brazil      C. Korea     D. Japan

12. –Is that Mr. Smith?        --Yes, he ______ a beard.

   A. is         B. has         C. takes     likes

13. –It’s cold outside. You’d better _______ your gloves.

   A. wear      B. in          C. with      D. put on

14. Please _______, because this is a reading room.

   A. quiet      B. to be quiet   C. be quiet     D. to quiet

15. Just go straight and ________ left.

   A. go        B. come       C. take        D. turn

. 完形填空ABCD,选择一个最佳答案,使短文意思完整。(15%)

I’m Li Fen. I have a pen pal.   16   name is Mary. She is from Canada. She lives in Toronto. She speaks English. She has  17   brother, but she has no sisters. Her favorite  18   is art.    

Two of my good friends   19   pen pals, too. Lu Yang’s pen pal is from _ 20__. His name is Tony. Tony lives in Paris. He speaks   21  . He has one brother and one   22   . His favorite subject is PE. And he can play soccer very  23  . Ding Lan’s pen pal is from __24__. Her name is Wendy. Wendy can speak Chinese and English. She  25   no bother or sister. Her favorite subject is history.

16. A. His         B. My           C. Her             D. My

17. A. no          B. one           C. two             D. three

18. A. book        B. subject        C. actor            D. movie

19. A. have        B. has           C. is               D. are

20. A. the USA     B. the UK        C. Canada          D. France

21. A. Chinese     B. Japanese       C. French           D. English

22. A. car         B. pencil         C. uncle            D. sister

23. A. good       B. well           C. nice             D. interesting

24. A. Japanese    B. French         C. English          D. Singapore

25. A. is          B. are            C. has             D. have

. 阅读下面短文,根据文章的内容选择最佳答案作答。(30%)

                                 A